Arh3Writer.cc 27.1 KB
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#include <fstream>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <iostream>
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#include <streambuf>
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#include "Arh3Writer.h"
#include "Mesh.h"
#include "MeshStructure.h"
#include "Traverse.h"
#include "DOFVector.h"
#include "../Arh3Reader.h"

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#include <boost/filesystem.hpp>
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#include <boost/iostreams/filtering_stream.hpp>
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#include <boost/iostreams/filtering_streambuf.hpp>
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#include <boost/iostreams/device/file_descriptor.hpp>
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#include <boost/iostreams/copy.hpp>
#ifdef HAVE_COMPRESSION
#include <boost/iostreams/filter/zlib.hpp>
#include <boost/iostreams/filter/bzip2.hpp>
#endif

namespace AMDiS { namespace io {
  
  using namespace std;

  namespace Arh3Writer
  {
    namespace detail
    {
      void write(string filename, 
  			DOFVector<double>* vec0, 
  			DOFVector<double>* vec1,
  			DOFVector<double>* vec2,
			bool writeParallel,
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			Cpsformat::Value cps,
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			string dataformat,
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			Macroformat::Value writeMacro)
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      {
        vector<DOFVector<double>*> vecs(0);
        if (vec0 != NULL)
          vecs.push_back(vec0);
        if (vec1 != NULL)
          vecs.push_back(vec1);
        if (vec2 != NULL)
          vecs.push_back(vec2);

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        write(filename, NULL, vecs, writeParallel, cps, dataformat, writeMacro);
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      }
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      void updateAnimationFile(AdaptInfo *adaptInfo, 
			       std::vector<double>* arhAnimationFrames,
			       bool createSubDir,
			       int indexLength,
			       int indexDecimals,
			       std::string animationFilename)
      {
	FUNCNAME("updateAnimationFile()");

	arhAnimationFrames->push_back(adaptInfo->getTime());

	boost::iostreams::filtering_ostream file;
	{
	  ofstream swapfile(animationFilename.c_str(), 
			    ios::out | ios::trunc | ios::binary);
	  TEST_EXIT(swapfile.is_open())
	    ("Cannot open file %s for writing!\n", animationFilename.c_str());
	  swapfile.close();
	}
	file.push(boost::iostreams::file_descriptor_sink(animationFilename, 
							  ios::trunc | ios::binary));
	
#ifdef HAVE_PARALLEL_DOMAIN_AMDIS
	string typeId = "tparh";
#else
	string typeId = "tarh";
#endif
	string baseDir = createSubDir ?  "./data/" : "./";
	uint32_t baseDirLen = baseDir.length();
	int major = AMDiS::io::Arh3Reader::TARH_MAJOR; 
        int minor = AMDiS::io::Arh3Reader::TARH_MINOR;
	typeId += '_' + boost::lexical_cast<string>(major) + '.' + boost::lexical_cast<string>(minor);
	if (typeId.length() <= 16) {	// 16 is the Id size
	  string rest(16 - typeId.length(), ' ');
	  typeId.append(rest);
	}
	uint32_t indexLength_ = indexLength;
	uint32_t indexDecimals_ = indexDecimals;
	
	file.write(typeId.c_str(), 16);
	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&baseDirLen), 4);
	file.write(baseDir.c_str(), baseDirLen);
	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&indexLength_), 4);
	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&indexDecimals_), 4);
	
	for (size_t i = 0; i < arhAnimationFrames->size(); i++)
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&arhAnimationFrames[i]), 8);
      }
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#ifdef HAVE_PARALLEL_DOMAIN_AMDIS  
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      void writeParallelFile(string filename, Mesh* mesh, bool createSubDir, Macroformat::Value writeMacro)
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      {
	ofstream file;
        file.open(filename.c_str(), ios::out | ios::binary | ios::trunc);
	
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	string typeId = "parh", macroFilename = "", perFilename = "";
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	string baseDir = createSubDir ?  "./data" : ".";
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	string macroFile = "";
	uint32_t macroFile_nl = 0;
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	string macroData = "", periodicData = "";
	uint32_t baseDirLen = baseDir.length();
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	Parameters::get(mesh->getName() + "->macro file name", macroFilename);
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	Parameters::get(mesh->getName() + "->periodic file", perFilename);
	
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	bool hasPeriodic = perFilename.length();
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	int major = AMDiS::io::Arh3Reader::PARH_MAJOR; 
        int minor = AMDiS::io::Arh3Reader::PARH_MINOR;
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	uint32_t nFiles = MPI::COMM_WORLD.Get_size();
	map<int, int> partitionMap = 
	  Parallel::MeshDistributor::globalMeshDistributor->getPartitionMap();
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	uint32_t nMacros = partitionMap.size();
	
	typeId += '_' + boost::lexical_cast<string>(major) + '.' + boost::lexical_cast<string>(minor);
	if (typeId.length() <= 16) {	// 16 is the Id size
	  string rest(16 - typeId.length(), ' ');
	  typeId.append(rest);
	}
	else
	  ERROR_EXIT("Should not happen.\n");
	
	file.write(typeId.c_str(), 16);
	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&baseDirLen), 4);
	file.write(baseDir.c_str(), baseDirLen);
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	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&nFiles), 4);
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	if (writeMacro != Macroformat::NONE && macroFilename.length()) {
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	  if (writeMacro == Macroformat::PT_MACROFILE) {
	    macroFile = !hasPeriodic ? macroFilename : 
	      macroFilename + ';' + perFilename;
	    
	    macroFile_nl = macroFile.length();
	  } else if (writeMacro == Macroformat::THIS) {
	    macroFile_nl = 13;
	    readFileToString(macroFilename, macroData);
	    
	    if (hasPeriodic) {
	      macroFile_nl = 27;
	      readFileToString(perFilename, periodicData);
	    }
	    macroFile.resize(macroFile_nl, ' ');
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	  }
	}
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	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&macroFile_nl), 4);
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	file.write(macroFile.c_str(), macroFile_nl);
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	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&nMacros), 4);
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	map<int, int>::const_iterator it = partitionMap.begin();
	uint32_t rank = 0;
	for (;it != partitionMap.end(); it++) {
	  rank = it->second;
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&rank), 4);
	}
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	// write macro and periodic file
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	if (writeMacro == Macroformat::THIS && macroFilename.length()) {
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	  file.seekp(0, ios_base::end);
	  long macroPos = file.tellp(), perPos = 0;
	  file.write(macroData.c_str(), macroData.length());
	  
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	  if (hasPeriodic) {
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	    perPos = file.tellp();
	    file.write(periodicData.c_str(), periodicData.length());
	  }
	  
	  // update macroFile_nl
	  int offset = 16 +		//typeId
		       4 +		//baseDirLen
		       baseDirLen +	//baseDir
		       4 +		//nFiles
		       4;		//macroFile_nl
	  file.seekp(offset);
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	  file.write("this:", 5);
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&macroPos), 8);
	  if (hasPeriodic) {
	    file.write(";this:", 6);
	    file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&perPos), 8);
	  }
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	}
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      }
#endif

      void write(string filename, 
		 Mesh* mesh, 
		 vector<DOFVector<double>*> vecs,
		 bool writeParallel,
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		 Cpsformat::Value cps,
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		 string dataformat,
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		 Macroformat::Value writeMacro)
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      {
	FUNCNAME("Arh3Writer::detail::write()");
	
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	int sPos = filename.find(".arh");
	TEST_EXIT(sPos >= 0)("Failed to find file postfix!\n");
	  
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	map<string,Valformat>::const_iterator it = dataformatMap.find(dataformat);
	TEST_EXIT(it != dataformatMap.end())("Wrong data format.\n");
	
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	std::set<Mesh*> meshset;
	std::set<string> nameset;
	if (mesh)
	  meshset.insert(mesh);
	for (size_t i = 0; i < vecs.size(); i++) {
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	  TEST_EXIT(vecs[i] != NULL)("Vecs[%i] is NULL. Please check.\n", i);
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	  meshset.insert(vecs[i]->getFeSpace()->getMesh());
	  nameset.insert(vecs[i]->getName());
	}
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	if (meshset.size() == 0) {
	  WARNING("There is nothing to be writen.\n");
	  return;
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	}
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	TEST_EXIT(nameset.size() == vecs.size())
	  ("DOFVectors in vecs cannot have idential name. Please check.\n");
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#ifdef HAVE_PARALLEL_DOMAIN_AMDIS
	if (writeParallel) {
	  using boost::lexical_cast;
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	  using boost::filesystem::path;
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	  Mesh* mesh_ = mesh ? mesh : vecs[0]->getFeSpace()->getMesh();
	  
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	  bool arh3CreateSubDur = false;
	  Parameters::get("arh3->create subdirectory", arh3CreateSubDur);
	  
	  string parhname = filename.substr(0, sPos);
	  string sarhname = parhname;
	  
	  if (arh3CreateSubDur) {
	    path vtu_path = parhname;
	    path data_basedir("data");
	    path vtu_filename = vtu_path.filename();
	    vtu_path.remove_filename() /= data_basedir;
	    try {
	      create_directory(vtu_path); 
	      vtu_path /= vtu_filename;	  
	      sarhname = vtu_path.string();
	    } catch (...) {}
	  }
	  
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	  if (MPI::COMM_WORLD.Get_rank() == 0)
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	    writeParallelFile(parhname + ".parh", mesh_, arh3CreateSubDur);
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	  filename = sarhname + "_p" + lexical_cast<string>(MPI::COMM_WORLD.Get_rank()) + ".arh";
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	}
#endif	  
	  
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	bool multiMesh = meshset.size() > 1;
	
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	//if mesh exists, the meshes in vecs should be the same.
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	if (mesh) {
	  for (size_t i = 0; i < vecs.size(); i++)
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	    TEST_EXIT(mesh == vecs[i]->getFeSpace()->getMesh())
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	      ("The mesh of DOFVector %i in vecs is not equal to the second parameter.\n", i);
	  writeAux(filename, mesh, vecs, writeParallel, cps, dataformat, writeMacro); 
	} else {
	  if (!multiMesh)
	    writeAux(filename, vecs[0]->getFeSpace()->getMesh(), vecs, writeParallel, cps, dataformat, writeMacro); 
	  else {
	    vector<bool> visited(vecs.size(), false);
	    vector<DOFVector<double>*> splitedVecs(0);
	    Mesh* tmpMesh = NULL;
	  
	    for(size_t i = 0; i < vecs.size(); i++) {
	      if(!visited[i]) {
		splitedVecs.clear();
		splitedVecs.push_back(vecs[i]);
		visited[i] = true;
		tmpMesh = vecs[i]->getFeSpace()->getMesh();
		for(size_t j = i + 1; j < vecs.size(); j++)
		  if(vecs[j]->getFeSpace()->getMesh() == tmpMesh)
		  {
		    splitedVecs.push_back(vecs[j]);
		    visited[j] = true;
		  }
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	      }
	      string newfilename = filename;
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	      if(filename.length() > 4 && filename.substr(filename.length()- 4, filename.length()) == ".arh")
		newfilename = filename.substr(0, filename.length() - 4) +
		  "." + tmpMesh->getName() + filename.substr(filename.length()-4 , filename.length());
	      else
		newfilename = filename + "." + tmpMesh->getName() + ".arh";
		
	      writeAux(newfilename, 
		       splitedVecs[0]->getFeSpace()->getMesh(), 
		       splitedVecs, 
		       writeParallel, 
		       cps, 
		       dataformat,
		       writeMacro); 
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	    }
	  }
        }        
      }
  
      int writeHeader(ofstream& file,
                               Mesh *mesh,
                               vector<DOFVector<double>*> vecs,
                               map<const FiniteElemSpace*, vector<int> >& feSpaces,
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			       Cpsformat::Value cps,
			       string dataformat,
			       Macroformat::Value writeMacro)
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      {
        FUNCNAME("Arh3Writer::detail::writeHeader()");
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// 	int nbits = boost::lexical_cast<int>(dataformat.substr(2, 2));
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        TEST_EXIT(file.is_open())("the file is not open. should not happen.\n");
	
	map<const FiniteElemSpace*, string> AFEDfileName;
	
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        uint32_t valueNamesLen = 0, feSpacesNamesLen = 0;
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        for (size_t i = 0; i < vecs.size(); i++)
          valueNamesLen += vecs[i]->getName().length();
	
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	// TODO AFEDfileName
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	map<const FiniteElemSpace*, vector<int> >::iterator feSpaceIt;
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	for (feSpaceIt = feSpaces.begin(); feSpaceIt != feSpaces.end(); feSpaceIt++) {
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	  AFEDfileName.insert(make_pair(feSpaceIt->first, string()));
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	  feSpacesNamesLen += 0;
	}
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        uint32_t nValueVectors = vecs.size();
        uint32_t nFeSpaces = feSpaces.size();
	uint32_t nMacroElements = mesh->getNumberOfMacros();
	
	uint32_t nMacro = 0;
	TraverseStack st;
	ElInfo *el = st.traverseFirst(mesh, 0, Mesh::CALL_EL_LEVEL);
	while (el) {
	  nMacro++;
	  el = st.traverseNext(el);
	}
	
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	string macroFilename = "", perFilename = "";
	string macroFile = "";
	uint32_t macroFile_nl = 0;
	Parameters::get(mesh->getName() + "->macro file name", macroFilename);
	Parameters::get(mesh->getName() + "->periodic file", perFilename);
	
	if (writeMacro != Macroformat::NONE && macroFilename.length()) {
	  
	  if (writeMacro == Macroformat::PT_MACROFILE) {
	    macroFile = !perFilename.length() ? macroFilename : 
	      macroFilename + ';' + perFilename;
	    
	    macroFile_nl = macroFile.length();
	  } else if (writeMacro == Macroformat::THIS) {
	    macroFile_nl = perFilename.length() ? 27 : 13;
	    macroFile.resize(macroFile_nl, ' ');
	  }
	}

	uint32_t dow = mesh->getGeo(WORLD);
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        uint32_t dim = mesh->getDim();
        uint32_t headerLen = 34 +                         //fixed part of header 
			     nMacroElements * 12 + 12 +   //macroElemnts table
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			     feSpacesNamesLen +		  //feSpaces table
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			     nFeSpaces * 20 + 	          //feSpaces table
			     valueNamesLen + 	          //value vector table
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			     nValueVectors * 12 +         //also value vector table
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			     4 +			  //macroFile_nl
			     macroFile_nl;		  //macroFile
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        string typeId = "sarh";
#ifndef HAVE_COMPRESSION
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	cps = Cpsformat::NONE;
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#endif
        uint8_t *major = const_cast<uint8_t*>(&(AMDiS::io::Arh3Reader::MAJOR)); 
        uint8_t *minor = const_cast<uint8_t*>(&(AMDiS::io::Arh3Reader::MINOR));
	int cpsflag = static_cast<int>(cps);
	uint32_t minus1 = -1;
        
	//fixed header
        file.write(typeId.c_str(), 4);
        file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(major), 1);
        file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(minor), 1);
        file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&headerLen), 4);
        file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&dow), 4);
        file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&dim), 4);
        file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&nFeSpaces), 4);
        file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&nValueVectors), 4);
        file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&nMacroElements), 4);
	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&cpsflag), 4);
	//macro table
	deque<MacroElement*>::const_iterator macroIter = mesh->firstMacroElement();
	
	while(macroIter != mesh->endOfMacroElements())
	{
	  uint32_t macroIndex = (*macroIter)->getIndex();
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&macroIndex), 4);
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&minus1), 4);
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&minus1), 4);
	  macroIter++;
	}
	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&minus1), 4);
	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&minus1), 4);
	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&minus1), 4);
	
	vector<int> feSpaceNumOfVecs(vecs.size());
	uint32_t posDOFs = 0, nameStrLen = 0;
	string nameStr("");
	size_t i = 0;
	
	//feSpace table
	for(feSpaceIt = feSpaces.begin(); feSpaceIt != feSpaces.end(); feSpaceIt++, i++)
	{
	  nameStr = AFEDfileName[feSpaceIt->first];
	  nameStrLen = nameStr.length();
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&nameStrLen), 4);
	  file.write(nameStr.c_str(), nameStrLen);
	  DimVec<int>* nDOF = feSpaceIt->first->getBasisFcts()->getNumberOfDofs();
	  //
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	  for(int j = 1; j < nDOF->getSize(); j++) {
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            posDOFs = (*nDOF)[j];
            file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&posDOFs), 4);
          }
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          for(int j = nDOF->getSize(); j < 4 ; j++) {
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            posDOFs = 0;
            file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&posDOFs), 4);
          }
          posDOFs = (*nDOF)[0];
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&posDOFs), 4);
	  //
          for(size_t j = 0; j < feSpaceIt->second.size(); j++)
	    feSpaceNumOfVecs[feSpaceIt->second[j]] = i;
	}
	
	//vector table
        for(i = 0; i < vecs.size(); i++)
        {
          nameStr = vecs[i]->getName();
          nameStrLen = nameStr.length();
          file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&nameStrLen), 4);
          file.write(nameStr.c_str(), nameStrLen);
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&feSpaceNumOfVecs[i]), 4);
	  file.write(dataformat.c_str(), 4);
        }
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        file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&macroFile_nl), 4);
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	file.write(macroFile.c_str(), macroFile_nl);
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        return headerLen;
      }
 
      void writeAux(string filename, Mesh *mesh,
                        vector<DOFVector<double>*> vecs,
                        bool writeParallel,
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			Cpsformat::Value cps,
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			string dataformat,
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			Macroformat::Value writeMacro)
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      {
        FUNCNAME("Arh3Writer::detail::writeAux()");
	
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	TEST_EXIT(mesh)("empty mesh.\n");
	
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        //initialization
        ofstream file;
        file.open(filename.c_str(), ios::out | ios::binary | ios::trunc);

        map<const FiniteElemSpace*, vector<int> > sortedFeSpaces;
	map<const FiniteElemSpace*, vector<int> >::iterator feSpaceIt;
        vector<pair<int, int> > macroSize; // (uncompressed size, compressed size)
        
        DegreeOfFreedom globalDof;  
        size_t i = 0, j = 0;
    
        for(i = 0; i < vecs.size(); i++)
	{
          sortedFeSpaces[vecs[i]->getFeSpace()].push_back(i);
	}
	vector<std::set<DegreeOfFreedom> > visited(sortedFeSpaces.size());
	pair<std::set<DegreeOfFreedom>::iterator,bool> ret;
        //file header information 
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        int headerLen = writeHeader(file, mesh, vecs, sortedFeSpaces, cps, dataformat, writeMacro);
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        //macro elements information
        MeshStructure elementStructure;
        vector<vector<double> > values(vecs.size());
        int32_t macroElIndex = -1;
    
        TraverseStack stack;
        ElInfo *elInfo = stack.traverseFirst(mesh, -1, Mesh::CALL_EVERY_EL_PREORDER);
        while (elInfo) {
          if (elInfo->getLevel() == 0) {
            if (macroElIndex != -1) {
              elementStructure.commit();
	      macroSize.push_back(writeMacroElement(file, elementStructure, values, sortedFeSpaces, cps, dataformat));
            }
	    elementStructure.clear();
 	
	    macroElIndex = elInfo->getElement()->getIndex();
	    
	    for (j = 0; j < vecs.size(); j++)
	      values[j].clear();
	    
            for (j = 0; j < sortedFeSpaces.size(); j++)
              visited[j].clear();
          }
          elementStructure.insertElement(elInfo->getElement()->isLeaf());
      
          if (elInfo->getElement()->isLeaf()) 
          {
            int valuePos = 0;
            for(feSpaceIt = sortedFeSpaces.begin(), i = 0; feSpaceIt != sortedFeSpaces.end(); feSpaceIt++, i++)
            {
              DOFAdmin* admin = feSpaceIt->first->getAdmin();
              TEST_EXIT(admin)("the DOFAdmin of DOFVector is null, this should not happen.\n");       
  
              int n0, nd, nd0;

              if ((nd = admin->getNumberOfDofs(VERTEX)))  {                                                      
                int vertices = mesh->getGeo(VERTEX);
                nd0 = admin->getNumberOfPreDofs(VERTEX);                                                         
                n0 = mesh->getNode(VERTEX); //                                                          
                for (int n = 0; n < vertices; n++)
                  for(int d = 0; d < nd; d++)
                  {
                    globalDof = elInfo->getElement()->getDof(n0 + n, nd0 + d);
                    ret = visited[i].insert(globalDof);
                    if(ret.second)
                    {
                      for(j = 0 ; j < feSpaceIt->second.size(); j++)
                      {
                        values[valuePos + j].push_back((*vecs[feSpaceIt->second[j]])[globalDof]);
                      }
                    }
                  }
              }
              if (mesh->getDim() > 1) {
                if ((nd = admin->getNumberOfDofs(EDGE)))  {                                                      
                  int edges = mesh->getGeo(EDGE); 
                  nd0 = admin->getNumberOfPreDofs(EDGE);                                                         
                  n0 = mesh->getNode(EDGE);                                                          
                  for (int n = 0; n < edges; n++)
                  for(int d = 0; d < nd; d++)
                  {
                    globalDof = elInfo->getElement()->getDof(n0 + n, nd0 + d);
                    ret = visited[i].insert(globalDof);
                    if(ret.second)
                    {
                      for(j = 0 ; j < feSpaceIt->second.size(); j++)
                      {
                        values[valuePos + j].push_back((*vecs[feSpaceIt->second[j]])[globalDof]);
                      }
                    }
                  }
                }
              }
              if (mesh->getDim() == 3) {
                if ((nd = admin->getNumberOfDofs(FACE)))  {                                                      
                  int faces = mesh->getGeo(FACE);
                  nd0 = admin->getNumberOfPreDofs(FACE);                                                         
                  n0 = mesh->getNode(FACE);                                                          
                  for (int n = 0; n < faces; n++)
                  for(int d = 0; d < nd; d++)
                  {
                    globalDof = elInfo->getElement()->getDof(n0 + n, nd0 + d);
                    ret = visited[i].insert(globalDof);
                    if(ret.second)
                    {
                      for(j = 0 ; j < feSpaceIt->second.size(); j++)
                      {
                        values[valuePos + j].push_back((*vecs[feSpaceIt->second[j]])[globalDof]);
                      }
                    }
                  }
                }
              }                                   
              if ((nd = admin->getNumberOfDofs(CENTER)))  {                                                      
                nd0 = admin->getNumberOfPreDofs(CENTER);                                                         
                n0 = mesh->getNode(CENTER);      
                for(int d = 0; d < nd; d++)
                {
                  globalDof = elInfo->getElement()->getDof(n0, nd0 + d);
                  ret = visited[i].insert(globalDof);
                    if(ret.second)
                    {
                      for(j = 0 ; j < feSpaceIt->second.size(); j++)
                      {
                        values[valuePos + j].push_back((*vecs[feSpaceIt->second[j]])[globalDof]);
                      }
                    }
                }
              }
              valuePos += feSpaceIt->second.size();
            }//feSpace loop
          }//isLeaf

          elInfo = stack.traverseNext(elInfo);
        }
        // And write the last macro element to file.
        TEST_EXIT_DBG(macroElIndex != -1)("Should not happen!\n");
        elementStructure.commit();
	macroSize.push_back(writeMacroElement(file, elementStructure, values, sortedFeSpaces, cps, dataformat));
	TEST_EXIT(macroSize.size() == (unsigned)mesh->getNumberOfMacros())("Should not happen.\n");
	//reset the macro positions in file
	setMacrosPos(file, headerLen, macroSize);
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	if (writeMacro == Macroformat::THIS)
	  setMacroFile(file, headerLen, mesh, writeMacro);
	
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        file.close();
        MSG("ARH file written to: %s\n", filename.c_str());
      }
      
      void setMacrosPos(ofstream& file, int headerLen,
	                    vector<pair<int, int> >& macroSize)
      {
	file.seekp(34);
	long pos = 0;
	int startPos = headerLen;
	for(size_t i = 0; i < macroSize.size(); i++)
	{
	  pos = file.tellp();
	  file.seekp(pos + 4);
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&startPos), 4);
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&macroSize[i].first), 4);
	  startPos += macroSize[i].second;
	}
	pos = file.tellp();
	file.seekp(pos + 4);
	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&startPos), 4);
      }
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      void setMacroFile(std::ofstream& file, int headerLen, Mesh* mesh, Macroformat::Value writeMacro)
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      {
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	FUNCNAME("setMacroFile()");
	
	TEST_EXIT(writeMacro == Macroformat::THIS)
	  ("This function should only be called under Macroformat::THIS.\n");
	
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	string macroFilename = "", perFilename = "";
	string macroData = "", periodicData = "";
	
	Parameters::get(mesh->getName() + "->macro file name", macroFilename);
	Parameters::get(mesh->getName() + "->periodic file", perFilename);
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	bool hasPeriodic = perFilename.length();
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	if (!macroFilename.length())
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	  return;
	
	// write macro file to the end
	readFileToString(macroFilename, macroData);
	file.seekp(0, ios_base::end);
	long macroPos = file.tellp(), perPos = 0;
	file.write(macroData.c_str(), macroData.length());
	
	// write periodic file to the end
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	if (hasPeriodic) {
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	  readFileToString(perFilename, periodicData);
	  perPos = file.tellp();
	  file.write(periodicData.c_str(), periodicData.length());
	}
	
	// update macroFile_nl
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	int offset = hasPeriodic ? 27 : 13;
	file.seekp(headerLen - offset);
	
	file.write("this:", 5);
	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&macroPos), 8);
	if (hasPeriodic) {
	  file.write(";this:", 6);
	  file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&perPos), 8);
	}
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      }
      
      void readFileToString(std::string filename, std::string& data)
      {
	ifstream file(filename.c_str());
	file.seekg(0, std::ios::end);
	data.reserve(file.tellg());
	file.seekg(0, std::ios::beg);
	data.assign((istreambuf_iterator<char>(file)), istreambuf_iterator<char>());
      }
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      pair<int, int> writeMacroElement(ofstream &file, 
				    MeshStructure &code,
				    vector<vector<double> >& values,
                                    map<const FiniteElemSpace*, vector<int> >& feSpaces,
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				    Cpsformat::Value cps,
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				    string dataformat)
      {
	stringstream dataStream(ios::out | ios::in | ios::binary);
    
        uint32_t nStructureCodes = code.getCode().size();
        dataStream.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&nStructureCodes), 4);
    
        uint32_t codeSize = code.getNumElements();
        dataStream.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&codeSize), 4);

        dataStream.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&(const_cast<vector<uint64_t>&>(code.getCode())[0])), 
	       8 * nStructureCodes);
	
        if (values.size() > 0) {
	  int moreSize = 0, valuePos = 0;
          map<const FiniteElemSpace*, vector<int> >::iterator it; 
          for(it = feSpaces.begin(); it != feSpaces.end(); it++)
          {
            uint32_t nValuesPerVector = values[valuePos].size();
            dataStream.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&nValuesPerVector), 4);
	    moreSize += 4;
	    
            for (size_t i = 0; i < it->second.size(); i++)
	      moreSize += writeValues(dataStream, dataformat, values[valuePos + i]);
	    
            valuePos += it->second.size();
          }
        }
	stringstream tmp(ios::out | ios::in | ios::binary);
        boost::iostreams::filtering_streambuf<boost::iostreams::input> in;
#ifdef HAVE_COMPRESSION
	switch(cps)
	{
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	  case Cpsformat::ZLIB: 
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	    in.push(boost::iostreams::zlib_compressor());
	    break;
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	  case Cpsformat::BZIP2:
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	    in.push(boost::iostreams::bzip2_compressor());
	    break;
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	  case Cpsformat::NONE:
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	    break;
	  default:
	    MSG("NOT correct compression flag.\n");
	}
#endif
	in.push(dataStream);
	boost::iostreams::copy(in, tmp);
	file << tmp.rdbuf();
        return make_pair(dataStream.str().length(), tmp.str().length());
      }
      
      template<typename T>
      int writeValues(stringstream& file, vector<double>& values)
      {
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	size_t size = values.size();
	T* data = new T[size];
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	for (size_t i = 0; i < size; i++)
	  data[i] = static_cast<T>(values[i]);
	
	file.write(reinterpret_cast<char*>(&data[0]), sizeof(T) * size);
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	delete [] data;
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	return sizeof(T) * size;
      }
      
      int writeValues(stringstream& file,
		       string dataformat, 
		       vector<double>& values)
      {
	FUNCNAME("Arh3Writer::detail::writeValues()");
	int newsize = 0;
	std::map<string,Valformat>::const_iterator it = dataformatMap.find(dataformat);
	
	TEST_EXIT(it != dataformatMap.end())("Wrong data format.\n");
	
	switch(it->second) {
	  case SI08:
	    newsize = writeValues<int8_t>(file, values);
	    break;
	  case SI16:
	    newsize = writeValues<int16_t>(file, values);
	    break;
	  case SI32:
	    newsize = writeValues<int32_t>(file, values);
	    break;	    
	  case SI64:
	    newsize = writeValues<int64_t>(file, values);
	    break;	
	  case UI08:
	    newsize = writeValues<uint8_t>(file, values);
	    break;	  
	  case UI16:
	    newsize = writeValues<uint16_t>(file, values);
	    break;
	  case UI32:
	    newsize = writeValues<uint32_t>(file, values);
	    break;	  
	  case UI64:
	    newsize = writeValues<uint64_t>(file, values);
	    break;
	  case SF32:
	    newsize = writeValues<float>(file, values);
	    break;	
	  case SF64:
	    newsize = writeValues<double>(file, values);
	    break;
	  default:
	    ERROR_EXIT("Wrong data format.\n");
	}
	return newsize;
      }
    }//end namespace detail
  } // end namespace Arh3Writer
} } // end namespace io, AMDiS