Commit 2f7d5f3f authored by Pietsch, Martin's avatar Pietsch, Martin
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## 2. Ansible Anwendertreffen 2021
Slides and code for the 2nd Ansible Anwendertreffen 2021.
### Description
Object-oriented roles with Ansible Roles are a great base for the object-oriented approach of
Ansible. That is not natively applicable without changing the base role or having some
other restrictions. This talk will show how it is possible to use the object-oriented approach
of Ansible roles with few plugins
### Requirements
- Ansible 2.10 or newer
- SDM OOR Collection (git+https://gitlab.mn.tu-dresden.de/sdm/sdm.oor.git)
### Contact
Please feel free to reach out to me.
- E-Mail: martin.pietsch@tu-dresden.de
- Project-Site: https://sdm.mn.tu-dresden.de
- Web: https://tu-dresden.de/math/die-fakultaet/service-und-it/
[defaults]
interpreter_python = auto_silent
deprecation_warnings=False
roles_path = ~/native/roles
inventory = ~/native/inventory
- hosts: all
remote_user: user
tasks:
- name: "show distribution"
debug:
msg: "{{ inventory_hostname }} is a {{ ansible_facts['distribution'] }} with version {{ ansible_facts['distribution_major_version'] }}."
testarch ansible_ssh_host=10.0.2.11
testbsd ansible_ssh_host=10.0.2.12
testcentos ansible_ssh_host=10.0.2.13
testdebian ansible_ssh_host=10.0.2.14
testsuse ansible_ssh_host=10.0.2.15
- hosts: all
remote_user: user
vars:
dist_vars: >-
{% if ansible_facts['distribution_major_version'] == 'NA' %}
{{- ansible_facts['distribution'] -}}
{% else %}
{{- '%s-%s' | format(ansible_facts['distribution'], ansible_facts['distribution_major_version']) -}}
{% endif %}
tasks:
- include_role:
name: a
tasks_from: print
---
language: python
python: "2.7"
# Use the new container infrastructure
sudo: false
# Install ansible
addons:
apt:
packages:
- python-pip
install:
# Install ansible
- pip install ansible
# Check ansible version
- ansible --version
# Create ansible.cfg with correct roles_path
- printf '[defaults]\nroles_path=../' >ansible.cfg
script:
# Basic role syntax check
- ansible-playbook tests/test.yml -i tests/inventory --syntax-check
notifications:
webhooks: https://galaxy.ansible.com/api/v1/notifications/
\ No newline at end of file
Role Name
=========
A brief description of the role goes here.
Requirements
------------
Any pre-requisites that may not be covered by Ansible itself or the role should be mentioned here. For instance, if the role uses the EC2 module, it may be a good idea to mention in this section that the boto package is required.
Role Variables
--------------
A description of the settable variables for this role should go here, including any variables that are in defaults/main.yml, vars/main.yml, and any variables that can/should be set via parameters to the role. Any variables that are read from other roles and/or the global scope (ie. hostvars, group vars, etc.) should be mentioned here as well.
Dependencies
------------
A list of other roles hosted on Galaxy should go here, plus any details in regards to parameters that may need to be set for other roles, or variables that are used from other roles.
Example Playbook
----------------
Including an example of how to use your role (for instance, with variables passed in as parameters) is always nice for users too:
- hosts: servers
roles:
- { role: username.rolename, x: 42 }
License
-------
BSD
Author Information
------------------
An optional section for the role authors to include contact information, or a website (HTML is not allowed).
---
# defaults file for a.b.c.d
---
# handlers file for a.b.c.d
galaxy_info:
author: your name
description: your role description
company: your company (optional)
# If the issue tracker for your role is not on github, uncomment the
# next line and provide a value
# issue_tracker_url: http://example.com/issue/tracker
# Choose a valid license ID from https://spdx.org - some suggested licenses:
# - BSD-3-Clause (default)
# - MIT
# - GPL-2.0-or-later
# - GPL-3.0-only
# - Apache-2.0
# - CC-BY-4.0
license: license (GPL-2.0-or-later, MIT, etc)
min_ansible_version: 2.1
# If this a Container Enabled role, provide the minimum Ansible Container version.
# min_ansible_container_version:
#
# Provide a list of supported platforms, and for each platform a list of versions.
# If you don't wish to enumerate all versions for a particular platform, use 'all'.
# To view available platforms and versions (or releases), visit:
# https://galaxy.ansible.com/api/v1/platforms/
#
# platforms:
# - name: Fedora
# versions:
# - all
# - 25
# - name: SomePlatform
# versions:
# - all
# - 1.0
# - 7
# - 99.99
galaxy_tags: []
# List tags for your role here, one per line. A tag is a keyword that describes
# and categorizes the role. Users find roles by searching for tags. Be sure to
# remove the '[]' above, if you add tags to this list.
#
# NOTE: A tag is limited to a single word comprised of alphanumeric characters.
# Maximum 20 tags per role.
dependencies: []
# List your role dependencies here, one per line. Be sure to remove the '[]' above,
# if you add dependencies to this list.
---
# tasks file for a.b.c.d
- name: "debug myvar1"
ansible.builtin.debug:
var: myvar1
- ansible.builtin.include_role:
name: a.b.c
tasks_from: print
---
- hosts: localhost
remote_user: root
roles:
- a.b.c.d
---
# vars file for a.b.c.d
#
myvar1: "my variable 1 in role a.b.c.d"
---
language: python
python: "2.7"
# Use the new container infrastructure
sudo: false
# Install ansible
addons:
apt:
packages:
- python-pip
install:
# Install ansible
- pip install ansible
# Check ansible version
- ansible --version
# Create ansible.cfg with correct roles_path
- printf '[defaults]\nroles_path=../' >ansible.cfg
script:
# Basic role syntax check
- ansible-playbook tests/test.yml -i tests/inventory --syntax-check
notifications:
webhooks: https://galaxy.ansible.com/api/v1/notifications/
\ No newline at end of file
Role Name
=========
A brief description of the role goes here.
Requirements
------------
Any pre-requisites that may not be covered by Ansible itself or the role should be mentioned here. For instance, if the role uses the EC2 module, it may be a good idea to mention in this section that the boto package is required.
Role Variables
--------------
A description of the settable variables for this role should go here, including any variables that are in defaults/main.yml, vars/main.yml, and any variables that can/should be set via parameters to the role. Any variables that are read from other roles and/or the global scope (ie. hostvars, group vars, etc.) should be mentioned here as well.
Dependencies
------------
A list of other roles hosted on Galaxy should go here, plus any details in regards to parameters that may need to be set for other roles, or variables that are used from other roles.
Example Playbook
----------------
Including an example of how to use your role (for instance, with variables passed in as parameters) is always nice for users too:
- hosts: servers
roles:
- { role: username.rolename, x: 42 }
License
-------
BSD
Author Information
------------------
An optional section for the role authors to include contact information, or a website (HTML is not allowed).
---
# defaults file for a.b.c
---
# handlers file for a.b.c
galaxy_info:
author: your name
description: your role description
company: your company (optional)
# If the issue tracker for your role is not on github, uncomment the
# next line and provide a value
# issue_tracker_url: http://example.com/issue/tracker
# Choose a valid license ID from https://spdx.org - some suggested licenses:
# - BSD-3-Clause (default)
# - MIT
# - GPL-2.0-or-later
# - GPL-3.0-only
# - Apache-2.0
# - CC-BY-4.0
license: license (GPL-2.0-or-later, MIT, etc)
min_ansible_version: 2.1
# If this a Container Enabled role, provide the minimum Ansible Container version.
# min_ansible_container_version:
#
# Provide a list of supported platforms, and for each platform a list of versions.
# If you don't wish to enumerate all versions for a particular platform, use 'all'.
# To view available platforms and versions (or releases), visit:
# https://galaxy.ansible.com/api/v1/platforms/
#
# platforms:
# - name: Fedora
# versions:
# - all
# - 25
# - name: SomePlatform
# versions:
# - all
# - 1.0
# - 7
# - 99.99
galaxy_tags: []
# List tags for your role here, one per line. A tag is a keyword that describes
# and categorizes the role. Users find roles by searching for tags. Be sure to
# remove the '[]' above, if you add tags to this list.
#
# NOTE: A tag is limited to a single word comprised of alphanumeric characters.
# Maximum 20 tags per role.
dependencies: []
# List your role dependencies here, one per line. Be sure to remove the '[]' above,
# if you add dependencies to this list.
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